Vitiligo (vit-uh-lie-go) commonly called as ‘Leucoderma’ is a condition in which there is a development of milky-white patches on the skin.
An autoimmune disorder - the patient's immune system becomes overactive and destroys the melanocytes.
Genetic oxidative stress imbalance.
A stressful event.
Harm to the skin due to a critical sunburn or cut.
Exposure to some chemicals.
A neural cause.
Heredity - family link.
A viral cause.
The only symptom of vitiligo is the appearance of flat white spots or patches on the skin. Generally, the first white spot that becomes noticeable is on an area of the body that is exposed continuously to the sun.
Initially, the vitiligo starts as a simple spot, a little paler than the rest of the skin. But gradually, as time passes, this spot will become much paler until it becomes white.
The shape of these patches are completely irregular, and, at times, the edges can become a little inflamed with a slight red tone, sometimes resulting in itchiness. Other than the appearance of the spots and occasional itchiness, vitiligo does not cause any discomfort, irritation, soreness or dryness in the skin.
Vitiligo is photosensitive; patients should avoid exposing the skin to direct sunlight for a prolonged period.