Hemorrhoids are swollen veins located around the anus or in the lower rectum. About 50 percent of adults experienced the symptoms of hemorrhoids by the age of 50 but in todays lifestyle it appears as early age of 10yrs
Hemorrhoids can either be internal or external. Internal hemorrhoids develop within the anus or rectum. External hemorrhoids develop outside of the anus.
Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the lower part of the anus and rectum. When the walls of these vessels are stretched, they become irritated.
External hemorrhoids are the most common and most troublesome. Hemorrhoids cause pain, severe itching, and difficulty sitting. Fortunately, they are treatable.
When the veins around the anus or in the rectum are dilated (enlarged) or engorged with blood, the patient has hemorrhoids.
They can occur for the following reasons:
Pregnancy - they occur more commonly in pregnant women because, as the uterus enlarges, it presses on the vein in the colon, causing it to bulge.
Aging - hemorrhoids are most common among adults aged 45-65. This does not mean, however, that young people and children do not get them.
Diarrhoea - especially when chronic.
Chronic constipation - straining to move stool puts additional pressure on the blood vessels' walls.
Sitting - for long periods (especially on the toilet).
Lifting - especially heavy objects repeatedly.
Obesity - often dietary related, such as not following a high-fibre diet.
Genetics - some people inherit a tendency to develop hemorrhoids.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids often include:
Painless bleeding - the patient may notice bright red on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl.
Itching - or irritation in the anal area.
Discomfort - pain or soreness in the anal region.
Lumps - protruding from the anal region.
Swelling - in the anal region.
Faeces - may leak out unintentionally.
Symptoms can be unpleasant or alarming but they are usually not a cause for concern.