Amebiasis is an infectious disease caused by a parasitic one-celled microorganism (protozoan) called Entamoebahistolytica.
Amebiasis, also known as amebic dysentery, is one of the most common parasitic diseases occurring in humans, with anestimated 500 million new cases each year. It occurs most frequently in tropical and subtropical areas where livingconditions are crowded, with inadequate Sanitation.
Amoebiasis is caused by a protozoa and is usually spread by contaminated water or from food served by hands that are contaminated. It can also be spread to additional organs like the brain or the liver by invading the blood system of the intestines. Carriers who are asymptomatic can pass cysts in faeces. Contaminated drinking water can also spread this infection. This infection can also spread by oral-anal contact.
Common causes as well as risk factors for Amoebiasis consist of:
Consuming food that is contaminated
Anal or direct contact from person to person
Poor sanitation areas
Eating vegetable and fruits which have been contaminated.
Passing of 3 -8 semi-formed stools each day
Passing of stools that are soft together with mucus and occasionally blood
Gas in the intestines
Rectal pain with bowel movement
Weight loss without trying
Stools that are bloody
Passing of liquid stools with blood streaks
Passing of 10-20- stools each day